County Budget and Economic Forum (CBEF)

Each of the 47 counties should have a County Budget and Economic Forum (CBEF). The CBEF is a forum for consultation by county governments on the budget process. The forum is provided for under Section 137 of the Public Finance Management Act.

Formation of the County Budget and Economic Forum (CBEF)

The Public Finance Management Act (PFM Act) does not stipulate the exact timeline that each county should establish a CBEF. Rather, it stipulates in Section 137(1) that every county should set up the Forum “as soon as practicable” after the commencement of the PFM Act.

Since the PFM Act came into operation after the final announcement of the results of the first elections under the Constitution in 2013, it should be practicable that every county should have already set up its own CBEF.

Composition of the County Budget and Economic Forum

The County Budget and Economic Forum for each county should consist of the following members:-

  • The Governor who shall be the chairperson
  • Other members of the County Executive Committee
  • A number of representatives equal to the number of executive committee members appointed by the Governor. These persons should be nominated by (and represent) organisations representing professionals, business, labour issues, women, persons with disabilities, the elderly and faith based groups at the county level. The persons should not be drawn from county public officers.
Purpose of the County Budget and Economic Forum

The CBEF should provide a means for consultation by the county government on—

The consultations above should follow the consultation process provided in the County Governments Act.

Guidelines for the formation of the County Budget and Economic Forum

The CBEF is an integral part of public participation. It is meant to ensure inclusion, transparency and accountability in public finances. The county governments faced challenges in setting up their CBEFs. To aid them, the Commission on Revenue Allocation (CRA) together with a number of civil society organizations involved in public finance came up with a set of guidelines to enable the counties to set up the CBEFs.

The guidelines provide a broad understanding of the-

  • establishment
  • composition
  • nomination of the members
  • functions; and
  • consultation process for the CBEF.

See the Gudelines on the County Budget and Economic Forum (ext. link) for a more detailed information on those guidelines. You can also visit this link on IBP Kenya website for more research.

IPOA – Independent Policing Oversight Authority

The Kenyan Independent Policing Oversight Authority (IPOA) is the authority that shall hold the Kenyan police accountable to the public, shall help the police to be professional, transparent and accountable and shall ensure independent oversight of the handling of complaints by the police service. (Sec. 5 of the IPOA Act)  It has extensive powers for The details of the powers of investigation and information retrieval from within the police services. (Sec 7 (1) of the IPOA Act). Continue reading “IPOA – Independent Policing Oversight Authority”

Acts about Agencies

These are the Acts that prescribe, how the anti-corruption and oversight agencies should be established and operated.

Public Procurement Rules and Bodies

Rules for Procurement – and where to find them

“When a State organ or any other public entity contracts for goods or services, it shall do so in accordance with a system that is fair, equitable, transparent, competitive and cost-effective.” This is what Article 227 of the Constitution of Kenya provides as the overall principle on public procurement.

But public procurement is the most susceptible to corruption because there is a lot of tax payer’s money around. Continue reading “Public Procurement Rules and Bodies”

IEBC – Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission

The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission is established in Art. 88 of the Constitution which also lists the commission’s tasks:
(a) the continuous registration of citizens as voters

(b) the regular revision of the voters’ roll

(c) the delimitation of constituencies and wards

(d) the regulation of the process by which parties nominate candidates for elections

(e) the settlement of electoral disputes, including disputes relating to or arising from nominations but excluding election petitions and disputes subsequent to the declaration of election results

(f) the registration of candidates for election

(g) voter education

(h) the facilitation of the observation, monitoring and evaluation of elections

(i) the regulation of the amount of money that may be spent by or on behalf of a candidate or party in respect of any election

(j) the development of a code of conduct for candidates and parties contesting elections

(k) the monitoring of compliance with the legislation required by Article 82(1)(b) relating to nomination of candidates by parties

Details of the IEBC’s operations:

Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission Act

Even though it has an organization web address, this is the official IEBC website

County Assembly

The citizens of any county can turn to their elected County assembly member if for instance, the promised road in their ward has not been built. But this is the task of the County government, not the assembly. The county assembly, however, is in charge of budget making, oversight over the County government, law making for the county and representation of the will of voters of the whole county. The funtions are laid out in the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution.

Continue reading “County Assembly”

Public Procurement Administrative Review Board

The Public Procurement Administrative Review Board (PPARB) was set up as an appeal board for those whose rights have been violated during the public procurement process. The administrative fee is Ksh 5,000 for tenders with ascertainable value of a minimum Kshs 20,000 depending on the value in question. The complainant must state why specifically he thinks his rights have been violated. Continue reading “Public Procurement Administrative Review Board”

COB – Controller of Budget

The Controller of Budget, presently Agnes Odhiambo, is in charge of overseeing the current financial operations of the state of Kenya including the counties. She is nominated by the President of Kenya for a term of eight years. Her tasks are established by Article 228 of the Constitution.

The COB’s office authorizes any withdrawal from public funds, but she is supposed to approve all monies before they are withdrawn for expenditure.


She is also obliged to submit 4 monthly reports to Parliament and County Assemblies.

Continue reading “COB – Controller of Budget”

Agencies & Stakeholders

Who is in charge of good governance in Kenya – of information, oversight, controlling, prosecution. watchdog-operations ?