The United Nations Convention against Corruption – Review of Kenya’s implementation

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Kenya was the first country to sign and ratify the United Nations Convention against corruption, both on Dec. 9 2003 (source, external).

Article 2 (6) of the Kenyan Constitution incorporates all treaties and conventions ratified by Kenya as part of Kenyan law. However, treaties and conventions are subservient to domestic legislation. This means that the UN convention is applicable in Kenya if the domestic laws have no other details on an anti-corruption issue case.

The pdf-file of the convention has 71 articles which you can search for keywords if you are looking for certain information in your reporting.

The convention states that corruption is a serious problem and threat in many respects. It requires measures for;
– prevention
– international cooperation
– technical assistance and information exchange
– mechanisms for implementation of the convention.

Many provisions have been legally implemented by the state of Kenya. But of course there are challenges – as diplomacy usually puts it.

In 2015 a delegation made up of representatives from the countries Cape Verde and Papua New Guinea have reviewed Kenya’s performance with respect to the Convention. In their report, they found that little has to be done about the laws but much about their implementation and about data collection. The report noted that the judiciary was lagging behind had reported to them a very low number of convictions in corruption cases until 2014.