LIA – Leadership and Integrity Act, 2012

Leadership and Integrity Act of Kenya Button

The Leadership and Integrity Act constitutes the rules and code of conduct for state officers and, in some cases, for public officers as well.
It names penalties for the offences under this Act.

…as copied from kenyalaw.org on Aug. 28, 2016

Arrangement of Sections
PART I – PRELIMINARY
1.
Short title

This Act may be cited as the Leadership and Integrity Act, 2012.

2.
Interpretation
(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

“asset” means a thing, tangible or intangible, owned, whether wholly or in part, or controlled by a person, which has an actual or determinable economic value and can be sold, exchanged or otherwise used or applied to meet an obligation or acquire something else in return;
“authorised officer” means an authorised officer of a public entity having jurisdiction under the Constitution or any other law to discipline the State officer in relation to whom the expression is used;
“bank account” means an account maintained by a bank or any other financial institution for and in the name of, or in the name designated by, a customer of the bank or other financial institution and into which money is paid or withdrawn by or for the benefit of that customer or held in trust for that customer and in which the transactions between the customer and the bank or other financial institution are recorded;
“business associate” means a person who does business with or on behalf of a State officer and has express or implied authority from that State officer;
“Cabinet Secretary” means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to leadership and integrity and includes the Attorney-General;
“Code” means the General Leadership and Integrity Code prescribed under Part II and includes a specific Code of Leadership and Integrity prescribed under Part III of this Act;
“Commission” means the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission established under the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission Act, 2011 (No. 22 of 2011);
“dependant” means a person whose means of support is partially or wholly derived from a State officer;
“public entity” means—
(a) the Government, including the national or County government, or any department, State organ, agency, service or undertaking of the national or County government;
(b) the National Assembly or the Parliamentary Service Commission;
(c) any corporation, council, board, committee or other body which has power to act under and for the purposes of any written law relating to the undertakings of a public utility or otherwise to administer funds belonging to or granted by the Government or money raised by rates, taxes or charges in pursuance of any such law; or
(d) a corporation, the whole or a controlling majority of the shares of which are owned by a person or entity that is a public body by virtue of any of the preceding paragraphs of this definition; and
(e) statutory public bodies;
“public officer” has the meaning assigned to it under Article 260 of the Constitution;
“spouse” means a wife or husband;
“State officer” has the meaning assigned to it under Article 260 of the Constitution.
(2)

Despite subsection (1), until after the first elections under the Constitution, references in this Act to the expressions “Cabinet Secretary”, “Principal Secretary” or “State department” shall be construed to mean “Minister”, “Permanent Secretary” and “Ministry”, respectively.

[Act No. 18 of 2014, Sch.]
3.
Guiding values, principles and requirements
(1)

The primary purpose of this Act is to ensure that State officers respect the values, principles and requirements of the Constitution.

(2)

A State officer shall respect the values, principles and the requirements of the Constitution, including—

(a)

the national values and principles provided for under Article 10 of the Constitution;

(b)

the rights and fundamental freedoms provided for under Chapter Four of the Constitution;

(c)

the responsibilities of leadership provided for under Article 73 of the Constitution;

(d)

the principles governing the conduct of State officers provided for under Article 75 of the Constitution;

(e)

the educational, ethical and moral requirements in accordance with Articles 99(1)(b) and 193(1)(b) of the Constitution;

(f)

in the case of County governments, the objectives of devolution provided for under Article 174 of the Constitution; and

(g)

in so far as is relevant, the values and principles of Public Service as provided for under Article 232 of the Constitution.

(3)

Nothing in this Act shall be construed as in any way diminishing or derogating from the values and principles under subsection (2).

4.
Implementation of the Act
(1)

Every person has the responsibility of implementing the provisions of this Act to the extent required by this Act.

(2)

The Commission is responsible for overseeing and enforcing the implementation of this Act.

(3)

In undertaking its mandate, the Commission may request a State organ to assist it in ensuring compliance with and enforcing Chapter Six of the Constitution and this Act.

(4)

The Commission may require any public entity to carry out such functions and exercise such powers as may be necessary under this Act.

(5)

Where a public entity has failed to comply with the requirements under subsection (3), the Commission may make an application before a High Court judge for appropriate orders requiring the public entity to comply.

5.
Delegation of functions by the Commission

The Commission may, by notice in the Gazette, delegate to a public entity or an authorised officer any of its powers and functions under this Act.

PART II – GENERAL LEADERSHIP AND INTEGRITY CODE
6.
General Code
(1)

This Part prescribes a general Leadership and Integrity Code for State officers.

(2)

The provisions of Chapter Six of the Constitution shall form part of this Code.

(3)

Unless otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of the Public Officer Ethics Act (No. 4 of 2003) shall form part of this Code.

(4)

If any provision of this Act is in conflict with the Public Officer Ethics Act, 2003 this Act shall prevail.

7.
Rule of law
(1)

A State officer shall respect and abide by the Constitution and the law.

(2)

A State officer shall carry out the duties of the office in accordance with the law.

(3)

In carrying out the duties of the office, a State officer shall not violate the rights and fundamental freedoms of any person unless otherwise expressly provided for in the law and in accordance with Article 24 of the Constitution.

8.
Public trust

A State office is a position of public trust and the authority and responsibility vested in a State officer shall be exercised by the State officer in the best interest of the people of Kenya.

9.
Responsibility and duties

Subject to the Constitution and any other law, a State officer shall take personal responsibility for the reasonably foreseeable consequences of any actions or omissions arising from the discharge of the duties of the office.

10.
Performance of duties

A State officer shall, to the best of their ability—

(a)

carry out the duties of the office efficiently and honestly;

(b)

carry out the duties in a transparent and accountable manner;

(c)

keep accurate records and documents relating to the functions of the office; and

(d)

report truthfully on all matters of the organization which they represent.

11.
Professionalism

A State officer shall—

(a)

carry out duties of the office in a manner that maintains public confidence in the integrity of the office;

(b)

treat members of the public and other public officers with courtesy and respect;

(c)

not discriminate against any person, except as is expressly provided by the law;

(d)

to the extent appropriate to the office, maintain high standards of performance and level of professionalism within the organisation; and

(e)

if the State officer is a member of a professional body, observe and subscribe to the ethical and professional requirements of that body in so far as the requirements do not contravene the Constitution or this Act.

12.
Financial integrity
(1)

A State officer shall not use the office to unlawfully or wrongfully enrich himself or herself or any other person.

(2)

Subject to Article 76(2)(b) of the Constitution, a State officer shall not accept a personal loan or benefit which may compromise the State officer in carrying out the duties.

12A.
Self-declaration

Any person intending to be appointed to a State office shall submit to the Commission a self-declaration form in the form set out in the First Schedule.

[Act No. 18 of 2014, Sch.]
13.
Moral and ethical requirements
(1)

For the purposes of Articles 99(1)(b) and 193(1)(b) of the Constitution, a person shall observe and maintain the following ethical and moral requirements—

(a)

demonstrate honesty in the conduct of public affairs subject to the Public Officer Ethics Act (No. 4 of 2003);

(b)

not to engage in activities that amount to abuse of office;

(c)

accurately and honestly represent information to the public;

(d)

not engage in wrongful conduct in furtherance of personal benefit;

(e)

not misuse public resources;

(f)

not discriminate against any person, except as expressly provided for under the law;

(g)

not falsify any records;

(h)

not engage in actions which would lead to the State officer’s removal from the membership of a professional body in accordance with the law; and

(i)

not commit offences and in particular, any of the offences under Parts XV and XVI of the Penal Code (Cap. 63), the Sexual Offences Act (No. 3 of 2006), the Counter-Trafficking in Persons Act (No. 8 of 2010), and the Children Act (Cap. 141).

(2)

A person who wishes to be elected to a State office shall, for the purposes of this section, submit to the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission a self-declaration in the form set out in the First Schedule.

14.
Gifts or benefits in kind
(1)

A gift or donation given to a State officer on a public or official occasion shall be treated as a gift or donation to the State.

(2)

Notwithstanding subsection (1), a State officer may receive a gift given to the State officer in an official capacity, provided that—

(a)

the gift is within the ordinary bounds of propriety, a usual expression of courtesy or protocol and within the ordinary standards of hospitality;

(b)

the gift is not monetary; and

(c)

the gift does not exceed such value as may be prescribed by the Commission in the regulations.

(3)

Without limiting the generality of subsection (2), a State officer shall not—

(a)

accept or solicit gifts, hospitality or other benefits from a person who—

(i) has an interest that may be achieved by the carrying out or not carrying out of the State officer’s duties;
(ii) carries on regulated activities with respect to which the State officer’s organisation has a role; or
(iii) has a contractual or legal relationship with the State officer’s organisation;
(b)

accept gifts of jewellery or other gifts comprising of precious metal or stones ivory or any other animal part protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; or

(c)

any other type of gift specified by the Commission in the regulations.

(4)

A State officer shall not receive a gift which is given with the intention of compromising the integrity, objectivity or impartiality of the State officer.

(5)

Subject to subsection (2), a State officer who receives a gift or donation shall declare the gift or donation to the Commission and the public entity which the State officer represents.

(6)

Every public entity shall keep a register of—

(a)

gifts received by a State officer serving in the public entity; and

(b)

gifts given by the public entity to other State officers.

(7)

The Commission shall make and publicize regulations regarding receipt and disposal of gifts under this section.

15.
Wrongful or unlawful acquisition of property

A State officer shall not use the office to wrongfully or unlawfully influence the acquisition of property.

16.
Conflict of interest
(1)

A State officer or a public officer shall use the best efforts to avoid being in a situation where personal interests conflict or appear to conflict with the State officer’s or public officer’s official duties.

(2)

Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), a State officer or a public officer shall not hold shares or have any other interest in a corporation, partnership or other body, directly or through another person, if holding those shares or having that interest would result in a conflict of the State officer’s or public officer’s personal interests and the officer’s official duties.

(3)

A State officer or a public officer whose personal interests conflict with their official duties shall declare the personal interests to the public entity or the Commission.

(4)

The Commission or a public entity may give direction on the appropriate action to be taken by the State officer or public officer to avoid the conflict of interest and the State officer or public officer shall—

(a)

comply with the directions; and

(b)

refrain from participating in any deliberations with respect to the matter.

(5)

Notwithstanding any directions to the contrary under subsection (4), a State officer or a public officer shall not award or influence the award of a contract to—

(a)

himself or herself;

(b)

the State officer’s or public officer’s spouse or child;

(c)

a business associate or agent; or

(d)

a corporation, private company, partnership or other body in which the officer has a substantial or controlling interest.

(6)

In this section, “personal interest” includes the interest of a spouse, child, business associate or agent or any other matter in which the State officer or public officer has a direct or indirect pecuniary or non-pecuniary interest.

(7)

Where a State officer or a public officer is present at a meeting, where an issue which is likely to result in a conflict of interest is to be discussed, the State officer or public officer shall declare the interest at the beginning of the meeting or before the issue is deliberated upon.

(8)

A declaration of a conflict of interest under subsection (7) shall be recorded in the minutes of that meeting.

(9)

Subject to Article 116(3) and (4) of the Constitution, a member of Parliament or a member of a county assembly shall declare any direct pecuniary interest or benefit of whatever nature in any—

(a)

debate or proceeding of the body of which he or she is a member;

(b)

debate or proceeding in any committee of that body; and

(c)

transaction or communication which the State officer may have with other members of the body, State officers, public officers or government officers.

(10)

For purposes of subsection (9), the Clerk of the Senate, the National Assembly or a county assembly shall maintain a register of conflicts of interest, which shall be open to the public for inspection.

(11)

Every public entity shall maintain an open register of conflicts of interest in the prescribed form in which an affected State officer or public officer shall register the particulars of registrable interests, stating the nature and extent of the conflict.

(12)

For purposes of subsection (11), the registrable interests include the interests set out in the Second Schedule.

(13)

A public entity shall keep the register of conflicts of interest for five years after the last entry in each volume of the register.

(14)

It shall be the responsibility of the State officer or public officer to ensure that an entry of registrable interests under subsection (11) is updated and to notify the public entity or the Commission of any changes in the registrable interests, within one month of each change occurring.

17.
Participation in tenders

A State officer or a public officer shall not participate in a tender for the supply of goods or services to a public entity in which he or she is serving or is otherwise similarly associated, but the holding of shares by a State officer or a public officer in a company shall not be construed as participating in the tender of a public entity unless the State officer or public officer has a controlling shareholding in the company.

18.
Public collections
(1)

A State officer shall not solicit for contributions from the public for a public purpose unless the President has, by notice in the Gazette, declared a national disaster and allowed a public collection for the purpose of the national disaster in accordance with the law.

(2)

A State officer shall not participate in a public collection of funds in a way that reflects adversely on that State officer’s integrity, impartiality or interferes with the performance of the official duties.

19.
Bank accounts outside Kenya
(1)

Subject to Article 76(2) of the Constitution or any other written law, a State officer shall not open or continue to operate a bank account outside Kenya without the approval of the Commission.

(2)

A State officer who has reasonable grounds for opening or operating a bank account outside Kenya shall apply to the Commission for approval to open or operate a bank account.

(3)

A State officer who operates or controls the operation of a bank account outside Kenya shall submit statements of the account annually to the Commission and shall authorize the Commission to verify the statements and any other relevant information from the foreign financial institution in which the account is held.

(4)

Subject to subsections (1) and (2), upon the commencement of this Act, a serving State officer who operates a bank account outside Kenya shall close the account within six months or such other period as the Commission may, by notice in the Gazette, prescribe.

(5)

This section shall apply to—

(a)

a State officer; and

(b)

a Public officer.

(6)

Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of this section, a State officer who fails to declare operation or control of a bank account outside Kenya commits an offence and shall, upon conviction, be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or a fine not exceeding five million shillings, or both.

20.
Acting for foreigners
(1)

A State officer shall not be an agent of, or further the interests of a foreign government, organisation or individual in a manner that may be detrimental to the security interests of Kenya, except when acting in the course of official duty.

(2)

For the purposes of this section—

(a)

an individual is a foreign individual if the individual is not a citizen of Kenya; and

(b)

an organisation is a foreign organization if it is established outside Kenya or is owned or controlled by a foreign government, organisation or individual.

21.
Care of property
(1)

A State officer shall take all reasonable steps to ensure that public property in the officer’s custody, possession or control is taken care of and is in good repair and condition.

(2)

A State officer shall not use public property, funds or services that are acquired in the course of or as a result of the official duties, for activities that are not related to the official work of the State officer.

(3)

A State officer shall return to the issuing authority all the public property in their custody, possession or control at the end of the appointment, or election term.

(4)

A State officer who contravenes subsection (2) or (3) shall, in addition to any other penalties provided for under the Constitution, this Act or any other law be personally liable for any loss or damage to the public property.

22.
Misuse of official information
(1)

A State officer shall not directly or indirectly use or allow any person under the officer’s authority to use any information obtained through or in connection with the office, which is not available in the public domain, for the furthering of any private interest, whether financial or otherwise.

(2)

The provisions of subsection (1), shall not apply where the information is to be used for the purposes of—

(a)

furthering the interests of this Act; or

(b)

educational, research, literary, scientific or other purposes not prohibited by law.

23.
Political neutrality
(1)

An appointed State officer, other than a Cabinet Secretary or a member of a County executive committee shall not, in the performance of their duties—

(a)

act as an agent for, or further the interests of a political party or candidate in an election; or

(b)

manifest support for or opposition to any political party or candidate in an election.

(2)

An appointed State officer or public officer shall not engage in any political activity that may compromise or be seen to compromise the political neutrality of the office subject to any laws relating to elections.

(3)

Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2) a public officer shall not—

(a)

engage in the activities of any political party or candidate or act as an agent of a political party or a candidate in an election;

(b)

publicly indicate support for or opposition against any political party or candidate participating in an election.

24.
Impartiality

A State officer shall, at all times, carry out the duties of the office with impartiality and objectivity in accordance with Articles 10, 27, 73(2)(b) and 232 of the Constitution and shall not practise favouritism, nepotism, tribalism, cronyism, religious bias or engage in corrupt or unethical practices.

25.
Giving advice

A State officer who has a duty to give advice shall give honest, accurate and impartial advice without fear or favour.

26.
Gainful employment
(1)

Subject to subsection (2), a State officer who is serving on a full time basis shall not participate in any other gainful employment.

(2)

In this section, “gainful employment” means work that a person can pursue and perform for money or other form of compensation or remuneration which is inherently incompatible with the responsibilities of the State office or which results in the impairment of the judgement of the State officer in the execution of the functions of the State office or results in a conflict of interest in terms of section 16.

27.
Offers of future employment
(1)

A State officer shall not allow himself or herself to be influenced in the performance of their duties by plans or expectations for or offers of future employment or benefits.

(2)

A State officer shall disclose, in writing, to the public entity and the Commission, all offers of future employment or benefits that could place the State officer in a situation of conflict of interest.

28.
Former State officer acting in a Government or public entity
matter

A former State officer shall not be engaged by or act for a person or entity in a matter in which the officer was originally engaged in as a State officer, for at least two years after leaving the State office.

29.
Misleading the public

A State officer shall not knowingly give false or misleading information to any person.

30.
Falsification of records

A State officer shall not falsify any records or misrepresent information to the public.

31.
Citizenship
(1)

Subject to Article 78(3) of the Constitution, a State officer who acquires dual citizenship shall lose his or her position as a State officer.

(2)

A person who holds dual citizenship shall, upon election or appointment to a State office, not take office before officially renouncing their other citizenship in accordance with the provisions of the Kenya Citizenship and Immigration Act, 2011, (No. 12 of 2011.)

32.
Conduct of private affairs

A State officer shall conduct private affairs in a manner that maintains public confidence in the integrity of the office.

33.
Tax, financial and legal obligations
(1)

A State officer shall pay any taxes due from him or her within the prescribed period.

(2)

A State officer shall not neglect their financial or legal obligations.

34.
Bullying
(1)

A State officer shall not bully any person.

(2)

For purposes of subsection (1), “bullying” includes repeated offensive behaviour which is vindictive, cruel, malicious or humiliating and is intended to undermine a person.

35.
Acting through others
(1)

A State officer contravenes the Code if the officer—

(a)

causes anything to be done through another person that would constitute a contravention of the Code if done by the State officer; or

(b)

allows or directs a person under their supervision or control to do anything that is in contravention of the Code.

(2)

Subsection (1)(b) shall not apply where anything is done without the State officer’s knowledge or consent or if the State officer has taken reasonable steps to prevent it.

(3)

A State officer who acts under an unlawful direction shall be responsible for his or her action.

36.
Reporting improper orders
(1)

If a State officer considers that anything required of them is in contravention of the Code or is otherwise improper or unethical, the State officer shall report the matter to the Commission.

(2)

The Commission shall investigate the report and take appropriate action within ninety days of receiving the report.

PART III – SPECIFIC LEADERSHIP AND INTEGRITY CODES
37.
Establishment of specific codes
(1)

Each public entity shall prescribe a specific Leadership and Integrity Code for the State officers in that public entity.

(2)

The specific Leadership and Integrity Code prescribed by a public entity shall include all the requirements in the general Leadership and Integrity Code under Part II of this Act and may provide for the manner in which any requirements of the specific or general Code may be satisfied.

38.
Application of the general Code

Until a public entity has prescribed a specific Leadership and Integrity Code under section 37, the general Code under Part II of this Act shall apply as though it were the specific Leadership and Integrity Code prescribed by the public entity.

39.
Approval and publication of specific codes
(1)

A public entity shall submit the specific Leadership and Integrity Code prescribed under section 37 to the Commission for approval.

(2)

In considering the specific Leadership and Integrity Code submitted under subsection (1), the Commission shall ensure that it is consistent with the General Code prescribed under Part II of this Act, any other law and the Constitution.

(3)

The Commission shall, within thirty days of receipt of a specific Leadership and Integrity Code, consider and approve it, with or without amendments, for publication in the Gazette.

(4)

Subject to the provisions of subsections (2) and (3), a public entity shall cause to be published the specific Leadership and Integrity Code in the Gazette within ninety days of the receipt of the approval from the Commission.

(5)

Any specific Code of a public entity existing at the commencement of this Act shall be deemed to have been made under this Act and shall be submitted for approval by the Commission to ascertain its conformity with the General Code and approval within ninety days after the commencement of this Act.

PART IV – ENFORCEMENT OF THE LEADERSHIP AND INTEGRITY CODE
40.
State officer to sign Specific Leadership and Integrity
Code

Upon appointment or election, a State officer shall sign and commit to the specific Leadership and Integrity Code issued by the relevant public entity at the time of taking the oath of office or within seven days of assuming a State office.

41.
Breach of the Code
(1)

Subject to subsection (2), a breach of the Code amounts to misconduct for which the State officer may be subjected to disciplinary proceedings.

(2)

Where an allegation of breach of the Code has been made against a State officer in respect of whom the Constitution or any other law provides the procedure for removal or dismissal, the question of removal or dismissal shall be determined in accordance with the Constitution or that other law.

42.
Lodging of complaints and investigations
(1)

A person who alleges that a State officer has committed a breach of the Code, may lodge a complaint with the relevant public entity and the public entity shall register and inquire into the complaint.

(2)

A public entity may authorize any of its officers to inquire into a complaint on its behalf and determine whether a State officer has contravened the Code.

(3)

An investigation may be made at the instance of a public entity.

(4)

A State officer being investigated under this section shall be informed by the investigating authority, of the complaint made against that State officer and shall be given a reasonable opportunity to make a representation relating to the issue, before the investigation is concluded.

(5)

A person who has lodged a complaint against a State officer shall be entitled to be informed of any action taken or to be taken in respect of the complaint and shall be afforded a hearing.

(6)

Where an investigation under this section is initiated while the State officer is in office, it may be continued even after the person under investigation has ceased to be a State officer.

(7)

Subject to the Constitution and any regulations for the enforcement of the Code made under this Act, a State officer may be suspended from office pending the investigation and determination of allegations made against that State officer where such suspension is considered necessary.

(8)

The Commission shall prescribe disciplinary mechanisms and procedures to be followed in the event of contravention of the Code, and those mechanisms and procedures shall comply with Article 47 of the Constitution or any other applicable written law for the time being in force.

(9)

The public entity or an authorized officer may take disciplinary action against a State officer serving in the public entity.

(10)

Notwithstanding subsection (2) and (3), the Commission may inquire into and investigate an alleged breach of the Code either upon receipt of a complaint or on its own motion.

[Act No. 18 of 2014, Sch.]
43.
Referral for possible civil or criminal proceedings
(1)

If upon investigation under this Part, the public entity is of the opinion that civil or criminal proceedings ought to be preferred against the respective State officer, the public entity shall refer the matter to—

(a)

the Commission or the Attorney-General, with respect to civil matters;

(b)

the Director of Public Prosecutions, with respect to criminal matters; or

(c)

any other appropriate authority.

(2)

Referral of a matter under subsection (1) shall not preclude the person, the State organ or public entity referring the matter from undertaking further investigations or action into the matter.

(3)

If a matter is referred to the Commission under subsection (1)(a) and in the opinion of the Commission, criminal proceedings ought to be preferred against the respective State officer, the matter shall be referred to the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(4)

In addition to the prosecution of a State officer, the Commission may take any other action that it considers necessary.

(5)

The prosecution of any State officer is not a bar to other steps that the Commission may consider necessary.

44.
Advisory opinion
(1)

A State officer or public entity may request the Commission to give an advisory opinion on any issue relating to the application of Chapter Six of the Constitution.

(2)

The Commission shall establish appropriate mechanisms and procedures for the provision of advisory opinions under subsection (1) in a confidential and timely manner.

45.
Reports of the Commission
(1)

The Commission shall submit an annual report, containing all the information relevant to the enforcement of and compliance with the provisions of this Act, to the President and Parliament.

(2)

The Commission shall publish the report made under subsection (1) in the Gazette and facilitate reasonable access of the report by the public.

PART V – OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
46.
Obstructing or hindering persons under this Act
(1)

A person shall not—

(a)

without justification or lawful excuse, obstruct, hinder, assault or threaten a person undertaking his or her duties under this Act;

(b)

deceive or knowingly mislead the Commission, a public entity or a person undertaking his or her duties under this Act;

(c)

destroy, alter, conceal or remove documents, records or evidence that the person believes, or has grounds to believe may be relevant to an investigation or proceedings under this Act; or

(d)

provide false information to the Commission, a public entity or a person acting under this Act.

(2)

A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding five million shillings, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or to both.

47.
General penalty

Any person who is convicted of an offence under this Act, for which no penalty is expressly provided, shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand shillings, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or to both.

48.
Breach of section 20

A State officer who does not comply with the provisions of section 20 commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding five million shillings, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or to both.

49.
Forfeiture and compensation
(1)

Where a State officer is proven to have obtained any property in breach of this Act, the State officer shall, subject to any appeal which the officer may make, forfeit the property and the property shall be held by the Commission or by an agent appointed by the Commission in trust for the Republic, until it is lawfully disposed of.

(2)

The Commission may order a State officer referred to in subsection (1) to pay by way of compensation to the State such sum, including interest, as may be determined by the Commission as just, having regard to the loss suffered by the Government or public entity and such order shall be deemed to be a decree under section 25 of the Civil Procedure Act (Cap. 21) and shall be executed in the manner prescribed under Part III of that Act.

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (2), the rate of interest on any property or money irregularly obtained shall not be less than the prevailing lending rates and shall be payable with effect from the day such property or money was obtained.

(4)

The money or proceeds of the sale of property which is forfeited to the Government under this section shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

PART VI – GENERAL PROVISIONS
50.
Protection of officers of the Commission or public entity

Subject to this Act, no civil or criminal liability shall attach to an officer of the Commission or public entity acting on the instructions of the chief executive officer of a public entity, for anything done in good faith by that officer in the performance of the duties under this Act.

51.
Oversight over the Commissioners
(1)

Where a violation of Chapter Six of the Constitution or this Act, which is not a violation as contemplated in Article 251 of the Constitution, is alleged against a member of the Commission, the President shall establish an independent review panel to inquire into the allegation.

(2)

An allegation under subsection (1) shall be submitted to the Cabinet Secretary by way of petition setting out the alleged violation, who shall submit the petition to the President.

(3)

The independent review panel established under subsection (1) shall comprise five State officers of good character and integrity drawn from any of the Commissions established under Chapter Fifteen of the Constitution.

(4)

The independent review panel shall inquire into the alleged contravention or violation committed by a member of the Commission.

(5)

If the inquiry discloses that a member of the Commission has violated Chapter Six of the Constitution, the independent review panel shall take the appropriate disciplinary action, or if it does not have the power to take the appropriate disciplinary action, refer the matter to a body or person who is vested with that power.

(6)

Regulations made under section 54(f) shall apply to the disciplinary procedures under this section.

(7)

A person who is dissatisfied with the decision of the independent review panel may apply for a review within fifteen days from the date of the decision.

(8)

The independent review panel shall review its decision within fifteen days after the application for review.

(9)

A person who is dissatisfied with the decision of the independent review panel under subsection (8) may appeal to the High Court and the Court shall make a decision within thirty days of the appeal.

52.
Application of Chapter Six of the Constitution and this
Act to public officers generally
(1)

Pursuant to Article 80(c) of the Constitution, the provisions of Chapter Six of the Constitution and Part II of this Act except section 18 shall apply to all public officers as if they were State officers.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), the relevant public entity recognized or established pursuant to section 3 of the Public Officer Ethics Act, 2003 (No. 4 of 2003) shall enforce the provisions of this Act as if they were provided for under the Public Officer Ethics Act, 2003 (No. 4 of 2003).

53.
Leadership education and training generally

The Cabinet Secretaries responsible for leadership and integrity, constitutional affairs, education and the public service shall collaborate with the Commission and the relevant public entity for the purpose of developing and overseeing the provision of long term education and training on leadership and integrity to—

(a)

all public officers;

(b)

all levels of the education system; and

(c)

the public.

54.
Regulations
(1)

The Commission shall make Regulations for the better carrying out of the provisions of this Act.

(2)

Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the Commission may make Regulations to—

(a)

prescribe the limitations on the types of gifts that a State officer can receive under section 14;

(b)

prescribe for the maximum value of gifts that a State officer can receive under section 14;

(c)

prescribe for a mechanism for the receipt, collection, storage and disposal of gifts under section 14;

(d)

provide a mechanism and procedure for the opening, maintaining and publicizing of registers of conflict of interest under section 16;

(e)

prescribe the grounds and conditions for opening, registering, maintaining, controlling and closing bank accounts outside Kenya under section 19;

(f)

provide for the regulation on lodging of complaints, investigation and disciplinary processes and mechanisms on the enforcement of the Code under section 42.

PART VII – TRANSITIONAL PROVISION
55.

Deleted by Act No. 47 of 2012, Sch.

FIRST SCHEDULE

[Section 13.]
SELF-DECLARATION FORM

FIRST SCHEDULE—continued

FIRST SCHEDULE—continued

OATH OF AFFIRMATION

I solemnly swear (or affirm) and certify, under penalty of false declaration under the Oaths and Statutory Declarations Act (Cap. 15 of the Laws of Kenya), that all the foregoing statements in this declaration are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.

Dated at ……………………… , this ………. day of ……………….

FIRST SCHEDULE—continued

SIGNATURE OF DECLARANT: ……………………………………………………………………

SWORN/DECLARED BEFORE ME

This …….. day of ……………. 20 …….. , at ………………….

…………………………………………………. Commissioner for Oaths/ Magistrate

SECOND SCHEDULE

[Section 16(12).]
REGISTRABLE INTERESTS
1.

Directorships in public or private companies, whether or not remunerated directly or indirectly.

2.

Remunerated employment (including office, trade, profession or vocation which is remunerated or which the State officer has any pecuniary interest).

3.

Securities (shares, bonds, debentures or any other similar holding) in a company or enterprise or undertaking the aggregate nominal or market value of which exceeds a prescribed value while the state officer was in office.

4.

Contracts for supply of goods and services.

5.

Plans or expectations for or offers of future employment.

6.

Public affairs advice and services to clients.

7.

Shareholdings (amounting or not amounting to a controlling interest).

8.

Land and property.

9.

Sponsorship (from companies, trade unions, professional bodies, charities, universities or other organizations or individuals).

10.

Travel facilities and overseas visits (made by a State officer or the State officer’s spouse or child substantially catered for by the office of the State officer).

11.

Gifts, benefits and hospitality (to a State officer or the State officer’s spouse or partner or child or any other material benefit of a prescribed value, from a company, organization or person within Kenya or overseas, which relates substantially to the membership of a state office to a state office or Parliament or County Assembly).

12.

Miscellaneous financial interests (not falling within the above categories but which a reasonable member of the public would think might influence the conduct of a State Officer in his office).

13.

Non-financial interests (which may reasonably be thought to affect the way a member discharges the duties in a State Office (such as unremunerated directorships; membership of public bodies such as hospital trusts, governing bodies of universities, colleges or schools, and other spheres of government; trusteeships, etc.).

14.

Pending civil and criminal cases touching on the State officer or business associate or firm.

15.

Possession of dual citizenship or pending applications for dual citizenship and the status of such application.